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The Present Simple tense in English

In this grammar lesson, you'll learn how to use the Present Simple tense. 

It's the most basic tense in English, and it's used a lot, which is why it's important to understand how it works. 

1. The Present Simple structure

  • The structure for an affirmative sentence is: Subject + Verb.

ex: I like cookies. 

⚠️ You'll add an extra "s" with He, She or It.

Examples:

He/She loves sugar. 

It happens every day.

  • The structure of a negative sentence is: Subject + do not/does not + Verb. the contracted forms are don't/doesn't.

Examples:

I do not/don't know your name.

She does not/doesn't know my name. 

  • The structure of an interrogative sentence is: do/does + Subject + Verb

Examples:

Do you play tennis? 

Does she know you’re here? 

  • The structure of an interro negative sentence is: Don’t/doesn’t + Subject + Verb 

Examples: 

Don’t you have an appointment now? 

Why doesn’t he visit us more often? 

2. Use of the Present Simple

The Present Simple is used to talk about habits. 

Examples:

He drinks tea at breakfast.
They
watch television regularly.

It is also used for repeated actions or events. 

Examples: 

We catch the bus every morning.
They
drive to Monaco every summer.

The next use of the Present Simple is to express general truths. 

Examples: 

Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth
revolves around the Sun.

You also use the Present Simple for fixed arrangements: 

His mother arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday
starts on the 26th March

 

 

 

 

 

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