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The Present Simple tense in English

In this grammar lesson, you'll learn how to use the Present Simple tense. 

It's the most basic tense in English, and it's used a lot, which is why it's important to understand how it works. 

1. The Present Simple structure

  • The structure for an affirmative sentence is: Subject + Verb.

ex: I like cookies. 

⚠️ You'll add an extra "s" with He, She or It.


He/She loves sugar. 

It happens every day.

  • The structure of a negative sentence is: Subject + do not/does not + Verb. the contracted forms are don't/doesn't.


I do not/don't know your name.

She does not/doesn't know my name. 

  • The structure of an interrogative sentence is: do/does + Subject + Verb


Do you play tennis? 

Does she know you’re here? 

  • The structure of an interro negative sentence is: Don’t/doesn’t + Subject + Verb 


Don’t you have an appointment now? 

Why doesn’t he visit us more often? 

2. Use of the Present Simple

The Present Simple is used to talk about habits. 


He drinks tea at breakfast.
watch television regularly.

It is also used for repeated actions or events. 


We catch the bus every morning.
drive to Monaco every summer.

The next use of the Present Simple is to express general truths. 


Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth
revolves around the Sun.

You also use the Present Simple for fixed arrangements: 

His mother arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday
starts on the 26th March






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